Other

A number of new parties are emerging, including:

ROBERT BIEDROŃ  ( Wiosna/Spring) 

This new progressive party has already won the backing of Danuta Hubner, former European Commissioner and Chairman of the Constitutional Affairs Committee, who will stand alongside Robert Biedron rather than the PO. Sylvia Spurek is also on their list.

Robert Biedroń’s programme emphasises social and gender equality. In comparison with other opposition parties, Biedroń decided not to compete with PiS in terms of economic matters – Spring offers only some corrections to existing economic and financial policies.

Biedroń has proposed some far-reaching changes : a secular state; abortion on demand (prior to the 12-week of pregnancy); legal single sex marriages; reformed sexual education in schools; the creation of the Ombudsman for Animal rights; no further changes to the tax system or minimal wage; the expansion of the scope of the 500+ programme and allowing single parents to apply for it; the complete withdrawal from coal by 2035; a guaranteed place for all children in nurseries and kindergartens; regulations regarding remuneration equality; the establishment of a special commission tasked awith investigating the PiS party’s conduct; making all recruitment procedures for top positions in state-owned companies transparent; moving certain public offices and agencies from Warsaw to other cities in  Poland.

Commentators frequently refer to Robert Biedroń as the Polish Emmanuel Macron – a young, charismatic counter balance to populism. One of his main strengths is the big emphasis on social media campaigning, which attracts many of his followers. Additionally, experts agree that to some extent Biedroń benefits from being a representative of a social minority – he is openly homosexual. It remains to be seen whether Biedroń’s initiative will fall on ripe soil. Some polls prior to the convention suggested that Spring could now be looking at approximately 8% support – this will likely be a new, and previously inactive electorate. The new party also spells trouble for mainly the Civic Coalition but also PiS to some extent. Criticism for Biedroń from both sides may actually help him differentiate his electoral proposal from the largest parties.

KUKIZ15’

  • Anti-establishment party founded in 2015. Described as „broad coalition lacking programmatic coherence”. Typical electorate consists of young (below 30) students, anti-elitist
  • Political position: right-wing to far-right
  • Ideology:
  • Right-wing populism, conservative liberalism, direct democracy, soft euroscepticism.
  • Postulates to eliminate the monopoly of political parties in the parliament
  • Gaining a seat in EU Parliament would prepare him for the presidential elections in 2019.
  • they are in talks with the Italian 5 Star Movement to form a new group in the EP

Now

Ryszard Petru, the founder and former leader of Modern (Nowoczesna) has announced the establishment of his new political party – Now (Teraz). Together with his Modern party colleague Joanna Schuering-Wielgus, Petru looks to appeal to voters who cannot find adequate representatives amongst current political parties. They have joined the European Coalition.

True Europe Movement

MEP Mirosław Piotrowski has filed for the registration of a new political party called the “True Europe Movement” (RPE). The party is supposedly an initiative supported by Father Tadeusz Rydzyk – a Catholic media mogul and influential figure for the Law and Justice Party. According to MEP Piotrowski, the party is expected to run in the 2019 EP elections and will include prominent PiS politicians. The RPE is likely to appeal to a very conservative voter base, however details of a political programme are currently unavailable – these are likely to appear once the registration process is complete and an opening congress held.

It remains to be seen how the new party will affect PiS, which previously enjoyed the support of Father Rydzyk – providing a strong voter base. Top tier PiS members remain adamant that Father Rydzyk is not involved in Piotrowski’s party. However, according to commentators, this may be a bid of certain PiS politicians who recently lost standing and wish to improve their position ahead of the 2019 Polish parliamentary elections, such as former Environment Minister Jan Szyszko, MEP Urszula Krupa or MP Gabriel Masłowska. A similar case to that of Justice Minister Zbigniew Ziobro and his Solidary Poland party. While the RPE may take some votes from PiS in the EP elections, a coalition or merger with the ruling party – in exchange for cabinet positions – may be possible ahead of the parliamentary elections.